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|T O P I C R E V I E W
||Posted - 23 Jan 2014 : 19:50:21
This is all very accurate but will Gambians change their way of doing things?
There have been postings before about this very problem I am sure KOBO can provide links for you
|15 L A T E S T R E P L I E S (Newest First)
||Posted - 17 Aug 2019 : 14:20:57
Once again The Standard is in first place with the NEWS !!!
SUPER SUPER CONCEPT GREAT BUT IS THE MONEY AVAILABLE NOW ?
Will this published information result is a tangable start to a vast and EXPENSIVE project ?
Will there be a "Clarification " from the politicos ?
August 16, 2019
Every civilisation produces waste and the more advance a civilisation is sadly the more waste is being produced.
This and other prevailing factors lead to the inception of Bio Energy Power Gambia Ltd. since the 24th of September 2018 with the aim of expansion and stabilisation of energy sector in The Gambia.
The operation involves installation of 200 power plants throughout the breath and length of the country. Dr. Alkali A.F. Conteh the manager & Ralph Hanswille is the sole inventor of this waste processing machines.
The energy produced would be stored in the national grid for later use specifically to combat blackouts and restore street lightening.
The operation will give rise to about 10,000 job opportunities ranging from the transportation, management, treatment, maintenance and security personals of the various installed plants thereby boasting the economic status of the people involved in the entity.
Individuals can gain income by gathering waste to enable us live in a waste free environment.
The Gambia with a base load of 70 megawatts and energy peak of 150 megawatts can benefit from the innovations of Bio Energy Power Gambia Ltd, a Gambian registered entity specialised in the transformation of trashes and waste ranging from sludge, sewages and garbage’s from companies, factories and households into energy for light and the by-products used as manure to enhance the growth of plants and animals.
The Gambia, recognised as one of the poorest 20 countries in the world with most citizens living less than one Euro per day also has the second highest energy cost worldwide.
The country also no proper disposal of waste poising serious threats and health hazards especially to those communities that are within the subordinates like Bakoteh, Kotu, Banjul just to name, presenting a huge challenge to the inhabitants, the Municipality and the Government at large.
NAWEC the country’s power and water company has had a serious problems of disposing sludge and sewage generated from the activities of the power generators located in the Greater Banjul Area (GBA), particularly in the Tourism Development Area (TDA).
In view of all these challenges, the Bio Energy Gambia Ltd. Can play a key role because in its capacity, the company will collect, treat and convert such wastes into energy and thus eliminate the environmental hazards and offensive stench coming from the dumping sites and more particularly the sewage ponds of Kotu that we all know.
The Management of the Bio Energy Power Gambia Ltd. are hereby seeking for collaboration with our esteem Government, Individuals and NGO’s.
for partnership in realising this laudable project as a solution to combat our ever tragic improper waste disposal that we all know.
The company is located on Kotu Bertil Harding Highway, Serekunda -The Gambia can be reached on
970 48 35 | 386 93 39 or www.bio-energy-power-gambia-ltd.com
||Posted - 08 Aug 2019 : 19:06:54
Thursday, August 08, 2019
One of the biggest problems facing our municipalities and councils today is waste management and it needs urgent and maximum attention.
What even makes waste management more and more complicated is that there are no permanent places for disposing waste management in The Gambia and also waste producers do not separate their waste for easy management.
Most of these problems are in our urban centers where majority of the population lives. Most of these wastes have serious health consequences if not properly managed. Most of the waste ends up in landfills or dumped into the ocean. This causes severe health and environmental issues including malaria and waterborne diseases as a direct result of the smell of landfills that attracts flies and the toxins that seep into the soil and water supply.
Incineration of solid waste products – (burning garbage) creates a toxic pollution that causes serious health issues. The fact that open burning is a common norm in this country does not make it legal. Right steps need to be taken to arrest this menace because open burning exposes many people to serious health hazards.
Studies have shown that out of 108 million metric tons of waste generated in West Africa a year (and growing), about 98 million tons of waste went straight into landfills. The ramifications of this are incalculable. With E-waste being widely reported as the largest issue in West Africa, it creates yet another factor to consider. E-waste comprises waste from cellphones, laptops, air conditioners and refrigerators. All of which contain toxic elements such as mercury and lead, and if not managed properly can be very dangerous to the environment, local water supply and people around the vicinity.
Our councils and municipalities in Kombos have a daunting challenge that they are confronted with on daily basis, putting into account the magnitude of importation of used goods into this country. Most of these good are so ancient that the consumers don’t even have appetite to buy those materials.
More stringent measure is still needed to ensure effective waste management in Kombos.
This is a clarion call on government to support all municipal councils in their waste disposal plans and further help in the enforcement of their by-laws and prosecution of offenders.
“The most important reason for waste collection is the protection of the environment and the health of the population. Rubbish and waste can cause air and water pollution. Rotting garbage is also known to produce harmful gases that mix with the air and can cause breathing problems in people.”
||Posted - 22 Jul 2019 : 23:23:15
Very nice trucks I am sure,one question where are the trucks going to discharge the collected waste?, Who has the contract for maintaing the trucks ?,who bought the trucks in the first place?,
Plenty of unansweed Questions .
With Madiba Singhateh
In this week’s edition of the Environment Column, we will talk about waste management most especially within the Kanifing Municipality.
Readers can recall that recently, the KMC introduced twenty new Garbage trucks earmarked for the Municipality’s ‘‘Mbalit’’ project for daily waste collection within the nineteen Wards of the Municipality.
As the second largest Municipality after the West Coast Region and with a dense population of over 300,000 inhabitants, makes it difficult for past Municipal administrations to make a difference in waste management within the Municipality. As at now, all waste collected within the municipality is dumped at the Bakoteh Dumpsite which is also located within the KM, and the inhabitants surrounding the dumpsite continue to cry for its relocation.
In March 2017, the community staged protests that led to the closure of the Bakoteh dumpsite for three months.
The new administration under the dispensation of the New Mayor Talib Bensouda, has introduced garbage collection trucks which can be described as the first of its kind within the Municipality. The new trucks are designated to collect the waste of the entire Municipality’s Wards with of course some cost attached to this service.
Waste management and sorting out of waste is also another concern. Hence the Municipal Council has a plan of generating electricity from the waste generated. However, this is only possible when waste is sorted out properly.
Lamin Dibba, the Bakau Cape Point Ward Councilor and Chairperson of the Environmental and Sanitation committee at the KMC, said the ‘‘Mbalit’’ project is one of the greatest projects Council has embarked on for the past twenty five years; that as New Councilors, they already know that waste is the Municipality’s biggest challenge. Dibba said it is because of waste that some areas of the Municipality are flooded during the rainy season; that the floods happen because of people’s attitude of throwing waste in drainages and other waterways.
Dibba said with the ‘‘Mbalit’’ project, there will be house to house collection to collect waste within the Municipality instead of people throwing waste in wetlands, waterways or in their backyards. ‘‘If the people see the trucks on their doorstep, they will have confidence and will be willing to pay their rates,’’ he said; that the project will further minimize their work and will create employment for young people who will be selling tickets to those who want their waste to be collected and transported.
Dibba said the tickets in the seven wards will be sold every day before the arrival of the trucks.
Regarding the Bakoteh dumpsite, Dibba said there is plan for its relocation and this will be a joint venture between the KMC, BCC and the Brikama Area Council.
‘‘We already have a land fill where the Bakoteh dumpsite will be transferred to,’’ he said; that transferring the site is not an easy process that people think should happen immediately. On the transformation of waste to energy, Dibba said such a project needs waste sorting equipment; that in the Gambia people do not normally sort their waste.
‘‘Mbalit’’ Project Director Bakary Singhate said the project started when the new Mayor and his team had complaints from the electorate that waste management is the main concern of the Municipal Council; that they complained of the growing problem of household waste which has persisted for decades without any permanent solution to end this; that ‘‘Mbalit’’ project is a fulfilment to that promise the Mayor made to the electorate. He said a nominal fee will be levied on every waste collected from every household, to cover the maintenance cost of the trucks.
Singhate said garbage collection will be carried out zone by zone, five days of the week; that this means all the Wards will be catered for at any given time.
He said tickets are sold for 10 dalasi for each 50 kilo bag containers and bins will be for 20 dalasi; that this is far cheaper than the private sector who charge 400 dalasi for every waste collected; that donkey carts owners charge 15 dalasi.
Singhate concludes that the project will prevent people from illegal dumping and will also prevent the dumping of sand and metal in waste bins; that Council’s next project is to supply people with bins to help them sort their waste.
||Posted - 22 Jul 2019 : 16:07:10
Here we are again.....lack of action by the Councils responsible.Just hoping that "it will go away"........More Attaya anyone ?
".......within the jurisdiction of Brikama, therefore it’s the responsibility of BAC to look into the matter."
By Mustapha Jallow July 22, 2019
A reserved buffer zone of forest situated at the Brikama Nyambai Forest Park, has been turned to a dumpsite by the communities nearby. The communities have been accused by Forest officers for ‘illegally’ dumping waste inside the forest’s buffer zone area during the night.
This reporter visited the site on Tuesday July 16th 2019, and noticed that some of the planted trees close by have either died or are in the process of wilting away because of the massive garbage dumped within and the foul stench and odour. This reporter said all sorts of waste can be found at this site such as plastic bags, baby pampas, human excreta, old and discarded vehicle tires, waste clothing and the list goes on.
Momodou Lamin Njai, an Assistant at the Technical Unit of the Department of Forestry’s Nyambai station, alleged that local communities close to the Forest are engaged in illegal night dumping of waste within the area; that the forest is state owned and is not meant to carry out any illegal activity within the Forest park.
“Dumping garbage in the forest is illegal. It is against the rules and regulations of the Department of Forestry,” he remarked. He accused nearby residents and the people selling near the area, of throwing their garbage in the buffer zone of the Forest park.
Njai told this reporter that the illegal dumping causes sporadic fire outbreaks within the forest buffer zone, and that this can burn for days which destroys young plants and bigger trees in the process. He complained of the foul smell that comes from the site and this he said is toxic to any animal or human that breathes it. Njai laments that if the illegal dumping of garbage continues within the park, it will be difficult for them to regenerate trees in the area. He said the Brikama Area Council is aware of the activity, but did not take any action to remedy the situation. Njai urged the local community and anyone residing in close proximity to the Forest, to avoid dumping inside the buffer zone of the Forest park.
This reporter contacted one resident of the area (name withheld), who acknowledged the dumping of waste in the forest. She lamented that the result of dumping within the forest park has never been their wish; that they do this because they have nowhere to dump their waste, which she said continues to pile up in their homes. “Where we live is far from the main highway and this makes it hard for us to throw our garbage. The Brikama Area Council is not helping us. We are taxpayers and they should collect our waste or allocate us a dumpsite. I call on the local authorities to collect our wastes or help us with a place where we can dump our waste,” she said.
When contacted for comments regarding this illegal dumpsite within the Forest buffer zone area at the Nyambai Forest Park, the Public Relations Officer (PRO) of the Brikama Area Council said their institution is not responsible. He indicated to this reporter that dumpsites have been identified by the National Environment Agency (NEA) and referred this reporter to that institution.
In a telephone interview, Sheikh Alkinky Sanyang, a Communication Officer at the National Environment Agency (NEA) confirmed that dumping in the forest is illegal. He added that anyone found dumping waste in the forest will face the law.
“It’s criminal to dump waste inside the forest but if we find those conducting these illegal activities NEA will take legal against them. The Nyambai has never been identified as a dumping area,” he warned.
When it was put to him that Brikama Area Council spokesperson says their institution is not responsible, NEA Alkinky said the forest park is within the jurisdiction of Brikama, therefore it’s the responsibility of BAC to look into the matter.
||Posted - 17 Jul 2019 : 01:17:54
Ahhhhhhhhh......... The Point is reinforcing the stand that it took in 2015.things and attitudes cannot change overnight they must be given time
Tuesday, July 16, 2019
Waste management is a serious problem in many developing countries including The Gambia. People should also change their attitude towards proper handling of wastes. It is not anywhere, where people should throw waste. Remember that the anti-littering bill is in full swing.
However, local authorities should take proper mechanism to ensure that our environment is kept clean. It is common knowledge that waste management is a central issue and synonymous with urbanisation. Proper handling of waste remains the most pressing challenge confronting our municipalities and councils particularly in the urban centres.
If the current pattern of unhygienic littering of our neighbourhoods continues, the next generation will have to address waste from millions of plastic containers and bags, electronics and computer parts.
The worrying part is that some of these materials found in waste are not biodegradable, and as they photo-degrade over hundreds of years they release chemicals into the environment.
And hazardous products that end up in our waste stream include batteries, automotive fluids; and hazardous household waste, such as oil-based paints, pesticides, and automotive fluids. For instance, batteries contain lead that can leak onto the soil. Toxins from waste can pollute our soil and surface and ground waters. Soil contamination also poses human health risks to children playing on dumps.
Depending on location, dumps can keep water from draining which may lead to flooding. Illegal dumps can also pose a fire risk; disrupt wildlife habitats, and present physical hazards to human health. The municipality should be cognizant of these facts and above all know that the purpose of any development process is to achieve a decent society; decent not only in terms of material wellbeing of the people, but their physical wellbeing as well.
We called on authorities to continue their effort in devising concrete steps with regard to the disposal of waste and its management in our communities. In some countries, pile of wastes are processed which are tune into useful object that in turns benefit the communities.
||Posted - 08 Apr 2019 : 23:12:00
Its the Usual Gambian Problem, MONEY !!! who will pay ?
Education Health that is super for DONORS waste management, Effluent,FILTH, rubbish sewage
No Glory in that
||Posted - 08 Apr 2019 : 23:08:35
2014 this was started what has happened ? NOTHING !!!
||Posted - 08 Apr 2019 : 22:45:32
Monday, April 08, 2019
The mayor of Kanifing Municipal Council, Talib Ahmed Bensouda has said that they are conducting a feasibility study funded by UNDP over Bakoteh dumpsite, signaling that they will decide to either go with composing waste to energy or engineer land fill.
However, he was quick to add that they are yet to decide on which method to take but are working with partners.
Mayor Bensouda made these remarks last Friday at KMC Complex during the presentation of 100 waste bins to schools, hospitals and religious places. The bins and some medical supplies due to be received this week are donations to the council by the city of Madison in U.S.A. following Mayor Bensouda’s visit last October.
Lord Mayor Bensouda described Bakoteh dumpsite as a big problem but said they are committed to securing a fence for it as well as engaging partners on which method to take.
He also described waste management as one of the biggest problems for The Gambia, but noted that KMC will take the lead with regard to waste management.
He said that the council is also challenged with indiscriminate littering, illegal dumping, waste collection and waste processing but are taking concrete steps to mitigate them this year.
On illegal dumping, he said, they have cleared over 60 of them and are currently installing 500 street bins to address littering.
According to him, they are also due to commence drain cleaning over the weekend to ensure limited flooding during the rainy season.
In the coming weeks, he said, councilors of various wards will lead the delegation to ensure beneficiaries receive waste bins.
However, he said, receiving the bins is one thing but usage and maintenance is another; and therefore urged recipients to manage them well to ensure they last long.
For schools, he said this is an opportunity for them to teach children about waste management to ensure Gambia becomes a very clean nation as they grow up.
Author: Cherno Omar Bobb
||Posted - 02 Mar 2016 : 00:07:42
A bit of modification being proposed here,is money & economics overtaking cleanleness ? surely not.
Monday, February 29, 2016
Operation Clean the Nation commonly known as Set-setal, which is conducted every two weeks, is a welcome move.
This is actually essential because even the religions, such as Islam and Christianity, recommend cleanliness.
The operation, introduced in 2007, has contributed greatly to the health sector performance and impacted positively on the lives of the people.
Therefore, residents should always keep their houses and environments clean.
While we are calling for this trend to continue and the usual notification or announcement of operation clean the nation maintained, it is essential that some provision is made for the roads or traffic to be open to vehicles, as well as commercial business to go on. This aids the country’s economic advancement.
The last Saturday pattern of Operation Clean the Nation should actually be maintained, wherein whilst the cleaning is observed, business is allowed to flow.
The Gambia being the hub of business transactions in the sub-region, where especially Senegalese, Guineans, Bissau Guineans, and Sierra Leoneans visit regularly to trade or buy goods, maintaining the cleansing exercise in the above-mentioned fashion will augur well for our economy.
This is because the pattern before the Saturday cleansing exercise, though it had a strong positive side in respect of our health was, however, affecting us economically, as it continued to hamperbusiness activities, especially so when shops, banks, schools and the traffic are closed from 9am to 1pm.
This adversely affects the livelihood of many people, especially those who depend on their daily earnings to survive each day of their lives.
Also, to some extent, the closedown between these hours, affects lives as well, since for instance the sick could hardly be transported from their houses to the health facilities for timely treatment to save their lives and keep them safe.
While we are raising this issue, we would also like the government authorities to continue to enforce Operation Clean the Nation, with penalties administered on defaulters.The Municipalities should also continue to provide transport, as usual, to collect garbage from dumpsites.
We are also suggesting that the National Environment Agency be steadfast in monitoring the exercise to ensure the general public comply with the rules.
“Clean your environment to protect yourself from health hazard .“
||Posted - 27 Jan 2015 : 12:29:44
Super idea by the women involved,and excellent way of cleaning up and selling on the plastic that you have collected for the benefit of others less fortunate than yourself.
More Attaya Mod ? it's second,can you go & buy more sugar,I have no more now
africa » gambia
Tuesday, January 27, 2015
As part of their efforts to minimize plastic waste within the northern part of Central River Region North, a volunteer women’s organization called “Women Initiative The Gambia”, over the weekend began a weeklong waste plastic bags collection in the community of Panchang Upper Saloum District, a provincial capital and its catchment villages.
A similar exercise is also expected to take place in the Nianija district.
The exercise brought together men, women, and youths from the catchment villages to participate in the collection, which lasted for hours accompanied by traditional dancing led by Kanyeleng kafo members.
Speaking shortly after the end of the day one exercise, Khaddy Sowe, entrepreneurship skill trainer at WIG, spoke at length on the importance of the exercise, adding that this was one of the best ways to control waste plastic in our environment.
These collected heaps of plastic bags would be recycled into finish products, such as wallets, bags, doormats, table clothes etc, which are sold to generate income and improved living conditions of the poor and disadvantage, she said.
She also stated that despite the tremendous achievements realized by the organization over the past years, the organization is determine to do more to supportthe local communities through skills development, beekeeping and forest conservation techniques.
Ms Sowe commended and urged the people of the two districts, particularly the women and youths to make best use of the opportunity to maximize the chances available.
Demba Sey, a youth activist, thanked the participants for actively participating in the exercise, adding that collecting waste plastic bags and recycling them into marketable and usable products requires expertise and skills, which are available for all and sundry to acquire at the WIG training centre in Njau.
He urged women and youths to enroll and be trained to improve their living standard.
Mr Sey described the exercise as the most effective way of preventing diseases such as malaria.
Hawa I. Manneh of WIG encouraged the community to keep cleaning their environment, while she expressed satisfaction with the high turnout for the exercise.
She underscored the importance of keeping the environment clean, since a clean environment is a healthy environment.
Eliman Ceesay, a community-based facilitator, advised the people of the district to change their attitude on waste management and control, and to avoid indiscriminate dumping.
He reminded them about the anti-littering law, and stressed that the community should be sensitized about it.
Other speakers included Isatou Ceesay the WIG project coordinator, Chief Malick Mbye, Nyumu Njie of Njau and Mariama Tunkara, who all echoed similar sentiments while commending UNDP-GEF/SGP for providing support.
Author: Abdou Rahman Sallah just from CRR
Source: Picture: Heap of collected plastic bags
||Posted - 13 Nov 2014 : 21:29:26
Quite a lot of talk about waste management,as usual NO CONCRETE ACTION has been taken despite an anti litter court with its own magistrate at KMC magistrates court,(http://observer.gm/africa/gambia/article/nea-boss-says-govt-committed-to-address-waste-management) "attitudinal change" H.E.s long held goal is a long way off in The Gambia.
“This is the reason why the President who also doubles as the chairman of the National Environment Management Council (NEMC) initiated the monthly national cleansing exercise and the introduction of the Anti-Littering Regulation, in order to increase awareness of the importance of a healthy and clean environment,”
||Posted - 02 Oct 2014 : 21:13:56
And the D.O. again ,no clear mention of government involvement in this article though:
Thursday, October 02, 2014
Young Volunteers for the Environment the Gambia YVE, in collaboration with the ministry of Forestry and Environment and Regional Education Directorate on Wednesday held a panel discussion forum on school gardening, forest and waste management during a daylong session convened at the Gambia Collage main hall in Brikama.
The panel discussion was part of the YVP clean-up week 2014 exercise, entitled “Our Place, our planet, our Responsibility.”
The Young Volunteers for the Environment (YVE-the Gambia) clean-up exercise is a community-based environmental programme of the Keep It Clean (KIC) project, among other activities, that inspires and empowers individuals and communities in the country to clean andconserve their environment.
The campaign also seeks to bring together businesses, community groups, schools, government and individuals in a range of activities and programmes that positively improve local environments as part of the Keep It Clean (KIC) project said to be launched in 2015.
In his opening remarks at the panel discussion, Joe Bongay, the executive director of YVE The Gambia, said it is a concern for their organisation that the MDGs were silent on issues of equality, etc.
The Executive Director disclosed that, the African continent faces unique challenges and opportunities that require specific policy interventions and distinct goals for both economic and social development, further disclosing that it is in this regard that the recent policy discussions among leading regional institutions had proposed “African Development Goals”.
He assured that YVE The Gambia will do everything possible to promote the process of designing and developing initiatives in schools and local regions countrywide, in partnership with concerned stakeholders.
He stressed the need for agriculture, forestry, policy and waste management to be revolutionized, noting that youths need to be leaders of that revolution.
The forum, according to him, is aimed at addressing strategies and approaches to deal with widespread poverty, within the context of sustainable development. He revealed that forests cover 31% of the land area of the earth and as mentioned beforehand it provides shelter for man and wildlife.
The population growth, he noted, has an impact on forest, revealing that in 1998 and 2010 the Gambia National Forest Assessment was conducted and it indicated that The Gambia has loss over 700, 000 hectares of forest to other land uses.
He stressed the need for swift actions to be taken to address the escalating rate of the depletion of the forest, emphasising that the world’s population is depending on the forest for the preservation and conservation of wildlife soil and water cycle.
Author: Modou Lamin Sanneh
||Posted - 01 Oct 2014 : 23:07:01
8 months on still a favorite with the D.O.
Waste management is a central issue in urbanisation. As in many other countries, this is one of the problems The Gambia is facing currently. Waste management remains the most pressing challenge confronting our municipal councils particularly in the urban centres.
The significance of waste management cannot be overemphasised. It promotes a healthy community as it improves the environmental condition of the areas whose level of environmental degradation hitherto made them to a great degree unfit for human habitation. People are also saved from the burden of having to put up with the discomfort of dirt, and unpleasant odor that emanates from encroaching dumpsites.
Yet waste management remains an issue confronting the development process of the country. It is not uncommon to see huge waste dumps scattered around some neighborhoods, highways and even public places like markets. Even during the monthly ‘Operation clean the nation’, it is disheartening to see waste gathered on the streets for days without being collected by the municipal authorities
Originally posted by toubab1020
The D.O. is still keen on this (See the posting with the D.O. link above of 13th February this year) of course NO MONEY the usual problem,so unless some other country or UN organisation comes along and gives a lot of money to get this up and running,the idea is going nowhere,I think that its very unlikely that any significant overseas business will set up and organise an effective Waste Management system in Gambia,as there is NO PROFIT to be made,let's face it Gambians are Excellent recyclers, NOTHING goes to waste everything is utilised to the fullest extent.
||Posted - 27 Sep 2014 : 18:25:49
I wonder if the plastic and rubbish collected along the coastal area(organised by H G Gambia Ltd.) is going to be exported after it has been baled and sorted to a company who will BUY this bulk plastic
Originally posted by toubab1020
Now here is a business man who has seen that there is money to be made from waste,I only hope that he has managed to secure a contract for his collected waste that he will probably send to maybe Senegal get paid in Dalasi or goods that he can resell to the Gambian population,waste plastic is only worth anything if handled in bulk quantities,a tiered collection industry MAY grow up using small collectors who resell to bigger and bigger collectors who will then be able to EXPORT recycled plastic waste in BULK.
||Posted - 26 Sep 2014 : 12:26:59
HG-Gambia cleans coastal areas.
Great, a PRIVATE company who has the interests of the Gambian population at heart and has organised this worthwhile exercise itself (?) and somehow managed to "recruit" organisations like Kanifing Municipal Council, the West Coast Region, the Gambia Tourism Board, to join in,probably quite difficult to do they must know some infuential people ! Tourism is a MAJOR foreign exchange earner for The Gambia,tourists want to enjoy the country and not see piles and piles of plastic bags and rotting rubbish on the coastline,much of it not dumped by locals but brought in by the tides.
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